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CHS SDIR ARC400 Gen Info North Canada 2021

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Sailing Directions General Information Northern and Arctic Canada ARC 400 Canadian Hydrographic Service Official Publication This publication contain all the detailed information, such as natural characteristics, geography, climatic variations, and wharves for each region. They are great for planning trips and ensuring mariner safety. Sailing Directions are the indispensable companions to charts. They include information not included on a chart such as descriptions (including photographs) of the best approaches to harbours, harbour facilities, anchorages, local history, rules, regulations, and table of distances. 

Author: CHS

Date: 2021

Format: Comb Bound Booklet

Number of Pages: 181

CHAPTER 1 Navigational Information
General _________________________________________________________ 1-1
Routes __________________________________________________________ 1-1
Hudson Strait ________________________________________________ 1-1
Northwest Passage ____________________________________________ 1-1
Arctic Ocean_________________________________________________ 1-2
Shipping routes_______________________________________________ 1-2
Distances____________________________________________________ 1-2
Arctic Canada Traffic System (NORDREG) ________________________ 1-2
Pilotage_____________________________________________________ 1-7
Hazards _________________________________________________________ 1-7
Climate induced ______________________________________________ 1-7
Magnetics ___________________________________________________ 1-7
Refraction ___________________________________________________ 1-8
Cables and pipelines___________________________________________ 1-9
Oil and gas exploration________________________________________ 1-10
Mandatory nautical publications ___________________________________ 1-10
International Maritime Organization (IMO) publications _____________ 1-10
Canadian Hydrographic Service (CHS) publications_________________ 1-10
Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) publications ________________________ 1-11
Optional nautical publications _____________________________________ 1-11
Use of charts ____________________________________________________ 1-11
CHS Charts_________________________________________________ 1-11
Corrections to charts__________________________________________ 1-12
Reliance on a chart ___________________________________________ 1-12
North American Datum 1983 (NAD83) ___________________________ 1-13
Chart datum ________________________________________________ 1-13
Tides and tidal streams ________________________________________ 1-13
Sailing Directions ________________________________________________ 1-14
Aids to Navigation _______________________________________________ 1-14
Buoys _____________________________________________________ 1-14
Buoyage ___________________________________________________ 1-14
Fixed aids __________________________________________________ 1-15
Radio __________________________________________________________ 1-15
Radio medical advice _________________________________________ 1-16
Radio distress communications _________________________________ 1-16
Ionospheric disturbances ______________________________________ 1-16
Communications procedures ___________________________________ 1-17
Radio Aids to Navigation__________________________________________ 1-18
Radiobeacons _______________________________________________ 1-18
Radar______________________________________________________ 1-18
NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS) ______________________ 1-19
Automatic Identification Systems________________________________ 1-19
Canadian Coast Guard ___________________________________________ 1-19
Search and Rescue _______________________________________________ 1-20
Aircraft signals ______________________________________________ 1-21
Cold water survival___________________________________________ 1-22
Regulations _____________________________________________________ 1-23
IV
CHAPTER 2 Geographical Information
General _________________________________________________________ 2-1
Northwest Territories______________________________________________ 2-2
Yukon___________________________________________________________ 2-4
Nunavut_________________________________________________________ 2-4
Inuit ____________________________________________________________ 2-6
A culture rooted in the land _____________________________________ 2-6
The contact period ____________________________________________ 2-7
The Inuit economy today _______________________________________ 2-7
Plant and Animal Life _____________________________________________ 2-7
Vegetation___________________________________________________ 2-7
Fish ________________________________________________________ 2-8
Marine mammals ____________________________________________ 2-10
Small land mammals _________________________________________ 2-11
Fur bearers _________________________________________________ 2-12
Large mammals _____________________________________________ 2-13
Birds ______________________________________________________ 2-13
Insects_____________________________________________________ 2-14
Reptiles and amphibians_______________________________________ 2-15
CHAPTER 3 Physiography
General _________________________________________________________ 3-1
Hudson Bay area _________________________________________________ 3-2
Arctic Eastern block ______________________________________________ 3-3
Arctic Western block ______________________________________________ 3-6
Arctic Northern block ____________________________________________ 3-10
Great Slave Lake — Mackenzie River area___________________________ 3-14
CHAPTER 4 Natural Conditions
General _________________________________________________________ 4-1
Submarine Topography ____________________________________________ 4-1
Hudson Bay area ____________________________________________ 4-1
Arctic Archipelago___________________________________________ 4-1
Beaufort Sea — Pingos _______________________________________ 4-2
Athabasca — Mackenzie waterway______________________________ 4-2
Tides ___________________________________________________________ 4-3
Hudson Bay area ____________________________________________ 4-3
Arctic Archipelago___________________________________________ 4-3
Tidal streams and currents _________________________________________ 4-3
Hudson Strait ________________________________________________ 4-3
Hudson Bay _________________________________________________ 4-4
Arctic Archipelago ____________________________________________ 4-5
Climate of the Canadian Arctic _____________________________________ 4-7
Climate controls ______________________________________________ 4-7
Seasons _____________________________________________________ 4-9
Winds ______________________________________________________ 4-9
Air temperature_______________________________________________ 4-9
Clouds and precipitation_______________________________________ 4-10
Visibility and fog ____________________________________________ 4-11
Ice Regime, Hudson Bay area ______________________________________ 4-12
Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay _________________________________ 4-12
Hudson Bay ________________________________________________ 4-12
James Bay__________________________________________________ 4-12
Foxe Basin _________________________________________________ 4-12
V
Ice regime, Davis Strait and Baffin Bay ______________________________ 4-12
Ice Regime, Arctic Archipelago_____________________________________ 4-13
Ice Regime, Western Arctic ________________________________________ 4-13
Ice Regime, Athabasca — Mackenzie River system ____________________ 4-14
Athabasca and Slave Rivers ____________________________________ 4-14
Great Slave Lake ____________________________________________ 4-14
Mackenzie River_____________________________________________ 4-14
Arctic Survival __________________________________________________ 4-15
Survival attitude _____________________________________________ 4-16
Afloat _____________________________________________________ 4-16
In the boats _________________________________________________ 4-17
Ashore or on the ice __________________________________________ 4-18
Long term __________________________________________________ 4-19
CHAPTER 5 Infrastructure
General _________________________________________________________ 5-1
Economic development ____________________________________________ 5-2
Principal ports and anchorages _____________________________________ 5-3
CHAPTER 6 Geographical Index

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Catalog# ARC400E

Sailing Directions General Information Northern and Arctic Canada ARC 400 Canadian Hydrographic Service Official Publication This publication contain all the detailed information, such as natural characteristics, geography, climatic variations, and wharves for each region. They are great for planning trips and ensuring mariner safety. Sailing Directions are the indispensable companions to charts. They include information not included on a chart such as descriptions (including photographs) of the best approaches to harbours, harbour facilities, anchorages, local history, rules, regulations, and table of distances. 

Author: CHS

Date: 2021

Format: Comb Bound Booklet

Number of Pages: 181

CHAPTER 1 Navigational Information
General _________________________________________________________ 1-1
Routes __________________________________________________________ 1-1
Hudson Strait ________________________________________________ 1-1
Northwest Passage ____________________________________________ 1-1
Arctic Ocean_________________________________________________ 1-2
Shipping routes_______________________________________________ 1-2
Distances____________________________________________________ 1-2
Arctic Canada Traffic System (NORDREG) ________________________ 1-2
Pilotage_____________________________________________________ 1-7
Hazards _________________________________________________________ 1-7
Climate induced ______________________________________________ 1-7
Magnetics ___________________________________________________ 1-7
Refraction ___________________________________________________ 1-8
Cables and pipelines___________________________________________ 1-9
Oil and gas exploration________________________________________ 1-10
Mandatory nautical publications ___________________________________ 1-10
International Maritime Organization (IMO) publications _____________ 1-10
Canadian Hydrographic Service (CHS) publications_________________ 1-10
Canadian Coast Guard (CCG) publications ________________________ 1-11
Optional nautical publications _____________________________________ 1-11
Use of charts ____________________________________________________ 1-11
CHS Charts_________________________________________________ 1-11
Corrections to charts__________________________________________ 1-12
Reliance on a chart ___________________________________________ 1-12
North American Datum 1983 (NAD83) ___________________________ 1-13
Chart datum ________________________________________________ 1-13
Tides and tidal streams ________________________________________ 1-13
Sailing Directions ________________________________________________ 1-14
Aids to Navigation _______________________________________________ 1-14
Buoys _____________________________________________________ 1-14
Buoyage ___________________________________________________ 1-14
Fixed aids __________________________________________________ 1-15
Radio __________________________________________________________ 1-15
Radio medical advice _________________________________________ 1-16
Radio distress communications _________________________________ 1-16
Ionospheric disturbances ______________________________________ 1-16
Communications procedures ___________________________________ 1-17
Radio Aids to Navigation__________________________________________ 1-18
Radiobeacons _______________________________________________ 1-18
Radar______________________________________________________ 1-18
NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS) ______________________ 1-19
Automatic Identification Systems________________________________ 1-19
Canadian Coast Guard ___________________________________________ 1-19
Search and Rescue _______________________________________________ 1-20
Aircraft signals ______________________________________________ 1-21
Cold water survival___________________________________________ 1-22
Regulations _____________________________________________________ 1-23
IV
CHAPTER 2 Geographical Information
General _________________________________________________________ 2-1
Northwest Territories______________________________________________ 2-2
Yukon___________________________________________________________ 2-4
Nunavut_________________________________________________________ 2-4
Inuit ____________________________________________________________ 2-6
A culture rooted in the land _____________________________________ 2-6
The contact period ____________________________________________ 2-7
The Inuit economy today _______________________________________ 2-7
Plant and Animal Life _____________________________________________ 2-7
Vegetation___________________________________________________ 2-7
Fish ________________________________________________________ 2-8
Marine mammals ____________________________________________ 2-10
Small land mammals _________________________________________ 2-11
Fur bearers _________________________________________________ 2-12
Large mammals _____________________________________________ 2-13
Birds ______________________________________________________ 2-13
Insects_____________________________________________________ 2-14
Reptiles and amphibians_______________________________________ 2-15
CHAPTER 3 Physiography
General _________________________________________________________ 3-1
Hudson Bay area _________________________________________________ 3-2
Arctic Eastern block ______________________________________________ 3-3
Arctic Western block ______________________________________________ 3-6
Arctic Northern block ____________________________________________ 3-10
Great Slave Lake — Mackenzie River area___________________________ 3-14
CHAPTER 4 Natural Conditions
General _________________________________________________________ 4-1
Submarine Topography ____________________________________________ 4-1
Hudson Bay area ____________________________________________ 4-1
Arctic Archipelago___________________________________________ 4-1
Beaufort Sea — Pingos _______________________________________ 4-2
Athabasca — Mackenzie waterway______________________________ 4-2
Tides ___________________________________________________________ 4-3
Hudson Bay area ____________________________________________ 4-3
Arctic Archipelago___________________________________________ 4-3
Tidal streams and currents _________________________________________ 4-3
Hudson Strait ________________________________________________ 4-3
Hudson Bay _________________________________________________ 4-4
Arctic Archipelago ____________________________________________ 4-5
Climate of the Canadian Arctic _____________________________________ 4-7
Climate controls ______________________________________________ 4-7
Seasons _____________________________________________________ 4-9
Winds ______________________________________________________ 4-9
Air temperature_______________________________________________ 4-9
Clouds and precipitation_______________________________________ 4-10
Visibility and fog ____________________________________________ 4-11
Ice Regime, Hudson Bay area ______________________________________ 4-12
Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay _________________________________ 4-12
Hudson Bay ________________________________________________ 4-12
James Bay__________________________________________________ 4-12
Foxe Basin _________________________________________________ 4-12
V
Ice regime, Davis Strait and Baffin Bay ______________________________ 4-12
Ice Regime, Arctic Archipelago_____________________________________ 4-13
Ice Regime, Western Arctic ________________________________________ 4-13
Ice Regime, Athabasca — Mackenzie River system ____________________ 4-14
Athabasca and Slave Rivers ____________________________________ 4-14
Great Slave Lake ____________________________________________ 4-14
Mackenzie River_____________________________________________ 4-14
Arctic Survival __________________________________________________ 4-15
Survival attitude _____________________________________________ 4-16
Afloat _____________________________________________________ 4-16
In the boats _________________________________________________ 4-17
Ashore or on the ice __________________________________________ 4-18
Long term __________________________________________________ 4-19
CHAPTER 5 Infrastructure
General _________________________________________________________ 5-1
Economic development ____________________________________________ 5-2
Principal ports and anchorages _____________________________________ 5-3
CHAPTER 6 Geographical Index